General Info

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic.

Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on earth
  • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families
  • 319 species of exotic orchids

Area: 147,181 sq. km

Location: Situated between China in the North and India in the South, East and West

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 29 million

People: More than 125 ethnic groups and 123 spoken languages

Language: Nepali is the national language. People d understand and speak English as well

Religion: Predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population but Christianity and Islam also exists

Currency: Nepali Rupee

Political System: Federal Democratic Republic

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons:

Winter: December – February

Spring: March – May

Summer: June – August

Autumn: September – November

Monsoons are from June till mid of September

Source: Nepal Tourism Board